New York State Education Department
Physical Activity and Nutrition Functional Knowledge
(Elementary, Intermediate and Commencement)
PAN.E.1 Regular physical activity and healthy eating behaviors are essential components of a healthy lifestyle and reduce the risk of developing many diseases.
PAN.E.2 Individuals begin to acquire and establish healthy eating and physical activity behaviors during childhood and adolescence.
PAN.E.3 Individuals need healthy food and regular physical activity to feel good and grow.
PAN.E.4 The Dietary Guidelines for Americans and Food Guide Pyramids assists individuals with healthy food choices.
PAN.E 5 Individual eating patterns, food preferences, and food-related habits and attitudes vary by culture.
PAN.E.6 Although most young people are physically active, many do not engage in the recommended levels of physical activity.
PAN.E.7 Children need to be physically active before, during and after school.
PAN.E.8 To prevent dental caries, children and adolescents should drink fluoridated water, use fluoridated toothpaste, brush and floss their teeth regularly and consume sugars in moderation.
PAN.I.1 Regular physical activity and healthy eating increases one’s energy level, assists with managing stress and/or weight, reduces the risk of illness and disease and increases academic achievement.
PAN.I.2 Healthy workouts include a warm up, workout, and cool down phase.
PAN.I.3 Individuals can resist pressures that discourage healthy eating and regular physical activity practices.
PAN.I.4 Culture, media and social influences impact physical activity and dietary patterns.
PAN.I.5 Individuals can influence and support others to engage in healthy eating and
PAN.I.6 Physical injuries can be prevented by having adult supervision, following safety rules, and properly using protective clothing and equipment.
PAN.I.7 Tobacco use adversely affects fitness and physical performance.
PAN.C.1 The benefits of physical activity and healthy eating include learning and improving skills, staying in shape, improving appearance, cardiovascular and muscular endurance and increased academic achievement.
PAN.C.2 Fitness components include cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility and body composition.
PAN.C.3 To maintain a healthy weight, the intake of calories must equal the output of energy. To lose weight, the energy output must exceed the calorie intake.
PAN.C.4 Individuals need to engage in activities that require moderate to vigorous levels of exertion as recommended in national guidelines.
PAN.C.5 Physically active individuals are less likely to develop the chronic diseases that cause most of the
morbidity and mortality in the United States: cardiovascular disease, hypertension, noninsulin dependent diabetes, and colon cancer.
PAN.C.6 Obesity acquired during childhood and adolescence may persist into adulthood and increase the risk later in life for coronary heart disease, gallbladder disease, some types of cancer, and osteoarthritis of the weight bearing joints.
PAN.C.7 Performance enhancing drugs are illegal and pose significant health risks.
PAN.C.8 Unhealthy weight control practices and a societal overemphasis on thinness during adolescence may contribute to eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
PAN.C.9 Individuals who have eating disorders are in need of immediate medical and psychiatric treatment.